social and enviromnental effects of coal mining in south africa

social and enviromnental effects of coal mining in south africa

The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

SA South Africa WESSA Wildlife and Environment Society of SA . Page 3 of 24 Introduction This case study focuses on the costs of the environmental and social effects of coal mining in South Africa, undertaken for export to the Netherlands. Coal mining imposes many external costs on its surroundings and the people who live in it. Some of these can be quantified by estimates, others are ...

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The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal

The low coal price was accompanied by harsh working conditions and low wages for African workers, a tendency to mine only the best coal ("picking out the eyes" in mining jargon) instead of mining the whole seam, and a disregard for environmental impacts.According to official statistics 5 (DME (Department of Minerals and Energy), around 77 percent of South Africa's primary energy needs are ...

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Social and Economic Benefits of Coal Mining

In South Africa it has been estimated that the impact of one employees’ salary in the mining industry on average feeds and clothes the equivalent of ten people, including children and the elderly. Coal mining often occurs in rural and remote areas requiring significant infrastructure development, particularly the development of transportation links such as road and rail.

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The impact of coal mining on the environment and

The impact of coal mining on the environment and community quality of life: a case study investigation of the impacts and conflicts associated with coal mining in the Mpumalanga Province, South Africa . Login Search JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. OpenUCT Home → Theses / Dissertations → Masters → View Item; The impact of coal ...

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COAL MINING AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES IN

The mining and mineral industry plays an important role in the economic and socio-political development of South Africa and India. Coal Mining is generally considered to be an environmentally unfriendly activity as all the component of environment are affected by various operations in mining and associate activities. At the same time coal mining of the minerals is essential for the development ...

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(PDF) Coal mining and the environment - ResearchGate

The environmental impacts of coal mining in South Africa are reviewed. The primary impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are ...

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COAL MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENT

The environmental impacts of coal mining in South Africa are reviewed. The primary impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are relatively shallow. Coal washing gives rises to large waste dumps, which may ignite spontaneously and cause air pollution. Water pollution arises from some abandoned mines and waste dumps. However, the ...

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social and enviromnental effects of coal mining in south ...

social and enviromnental effects of coal mining in south africa. Jul 31 2018 Impact of coal mining on water quality of three artificial lakes in Morozini River Basin Treviso Santa Catarina State Brazil Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia 23 3 pp 271–281 Munnik V G Hochmann M Hlabane and S Law 2010 The social and environmental consequences of coal mining in South Africa A case study Cape Town ...

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South Africa: How Mining Damages Communities and the ...

27/08/2018  The South African Human Rights Commission has released a scathing report on the damage mining in the country is posing to human rights. The conclusion paints a dark picture: "[T]he mining

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How mine dumps in South Africa affect the health of ...

02/05/2018  Mining is a major economic activity in many developing countries. In South Africa, mining of gold, coal and other natural resources has played a significant role in the country’s economy, with ...

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Social and Economic Benefits of Coal Mining

In South Africa it has been estimated that the impact of one employees’ salary in the mining industry on average feeds and clothes the equivalent of ten people, including children and the elderly. Coal mining often occurs in rural and remote areas requiring significant infrastructure development, particularly the development of transportation links such as road and rail.

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COAL MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENT

The environmental impacts of coal mining in South Africa are reviewed. The primary impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are relatively shallow. Coal washing gives rises to large waste dumps, which may ignite spontaneously and cause air pollution. Water pollution arises from some abandoned mines and waste dumps. However, the ...

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Conflict implications of coal mining and environmental ...

Unfortunately, although previous studies on environmental pollution in South Africa have drawn the attention of the State to the devastating effects and future implications of coal mining activities, little or no effort has been made to address these. The concern of the authors of this article is that if all these issues persist, South Africa might follow in the footsteps of Nigeria and its ...

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Environment of Fear in South Africa’s Mining-Affected ...

16/04/2019  The background section of this report reviews examples of how mining has caused environmental and social harms in South Africa, and is based

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The heavy toll of coal mining in South Africa ...

02/04/2015  But South Africa, which currently generates 90 percent of its electricity through coal, is already struggling with the devastating impacts of more than a century of excessive mining.

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Abandoned mines are seriously impacting communities and is ...

mines and the rehabilitation of the environment, despite strict environmental and water legislation, is seriously affecting communities near mines in a number of ways, and has a huge adverse impact on the rest of South Africa. The report, Policy Gap 9 on South African Coal Mining: Corporate Grievance Mechanisms, Community

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Environmental issues in Southern Africa - Wikipedia

Coal mining is one of Southern Africa's main energy source, but it holds a huge negative impact on the land's water, air and soil quality. Acid mine drainage is the result of the excess coal mining that occurs. Sulphuric Acid is released from coal mining, and although the generalizing process is slow, the time it takes for the acid to neutralize is equally as slow.

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Environmental crisis in Mpumalanga: Why is nobody ...

In South Africa’s bizarre mining-environment regulatory regime, the DMR is also responsible for policing the environmental impacts of mining. It is failing dismally at this task. The Departments of Environmental and Water Affairs, and local and district municipalities, which all have an integral role to play in regulation that effectively balances the province’s different priorities, are ...

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The social and environmental impact of mining in the ACP

The social and environmental impact of mining in the ACP countries is a subject that is often not included in the agenda of international meetings, despite its importance. Indeed the impact of mining on the environment and population, although it is often known, must be researched. However, without regulation in the economic and political levels, the impact on local populations could remain ...

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12 Environmental Effects of Coal Mining - Environment

There is much debate whether the environmental effects of coal mining justify its continued use. Coal is either extracted from deep inside the earth or removed from its surface. The former is known as underground mining, the latter as strip mining or mountaintop removal. Either process contributes a high level of damage to the environment: #12 Noise pollution. One of the most obvious (albeit ...

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Social and Economic Benefits of Coal Mining

In South Africa it has been estimated that the impact of one employees’ salary in the mining industry on average feeds and clothes the equivalent of ten people, including children and the elderly. Coal mining often occurs in rural and remote areas requiring significant infrastructure development, particularly the development of transportation links such as road and rail.

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COAL MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENT

The environmental impacts of coal mining in South Africa are reviewed. The primary impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are relatively shallow. Coal washing gives rises to large waste dumps, which may ignite spontaneously and cause air pollution. Water pollution arises from some abandoned mines and waste dumps. However, the ...

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The heavy toll of coal mining in South Africa ...

02/04/2015  But South Africa, which currently generates 90 percent of its electricity through coal, is already struggling with the devastating impacts of more than a century of excessive mining.

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Economic Impact of Coal Mining in South Africa

Coal is South Africa’s third largest source of foreign exchange; platinum being the largest and gold second. Around 15% of the country’s GDP (2000 estimate) is spent on energy and 77% of that is derived from coal. In 2004, the coal and lignite mining industry generated a gross income of R39 billion and directly employed 50,000 people. The ...

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Coal in South Africa - Wikipedia

South Africa produces in excess of 255 million tonnes of coal (2011 estimate) and consumes almost three quarters of that domestically. As of 2018, South Africa was the seventh largest producer and consumer of coal in the world. This large industry, means that as of 2015 about 80,000 workers, or .5% of total employment, was from the coal industry, down from a peak in 1981 of 135,000 workers.

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Management of Environmental Impacts from Coal Mining in ...

Management of Environmental Impacts from Coal Mining in the Upper Olifants River Catchment as a Function of Age and Scale PHILIP HOBBS, SUZAN H. H. OELOFSE JEANETTE RASCHER CSIR Natural Resources the Environment, Pretoria, South Africa ABSTRACT Effective water resource governance in a water scarce environment such as South

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Environmental crisis in Mpumalanga: Why is nobody ...

In South Africa’s bizarre mining-environment regulatory regime, the DMR is also responsible for policing the environmental impacts of mining. It is failing dismally at this task. The Departments of Environmental and Water Affairs, and local and district municipalities, which all have an integral role to play in regulation that effectively balances the province’s different priorities, are ...

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Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human Health

The effects of mining coal in China have become increasingly clear in modern times. Worldwide emissions are expected to increase by 20 percent in the next 12 years. Coal fires. Coal fires – burning or smouldering coal seams, coal storage piles or coal waste piles – are a significant environmental problem in many countries, including China, Russia, the US, Indonesia, Australia and South ...

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Problems in the mining industry in South africa - ECDPM

Mining in South Africa has always been an enclave industry, albeit with substantial impact on the rest of the economy. In the main, minerals have been extracted from deep levels, subjected to some basic processing and then exported as ores without a great deal of beneficiation or fabrication. For instance we do not have substantial gold or diamond manufactured products capabilities despite ...

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Appendix 2: Environmental and Social Impacts of Mining

Environmental and social impacts of mining have been well-documented and an ample literature exists on this topic. The following discussion summarizes those environmental and social issues that formed the basis for the Mining and Critical Ecosystems framework. Environmental and social impacts are divided into waste management issues, impacts to biodiversity and habitat, indirect impacts, and ...

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